Commonwealth Caribbean Education in the Global Context

Educational Reform in Independent Jamaica

Book Cover: Commonwealth Caribbean Education in the Global Context
Part of the INTERAMER 54 Educational series:

Published as the first Chapter and titled: Commonwealth Caribbean Education in the Global Context: Educational Reform in Independent Jamaica. In Educational Reform in the Commonwealth Caribbean, (1999) Errol Miller Editor, INTERAMER 54 Educational Series. Organisation of American States, Washington D. C. Pp 3-23

This publication is the first Chapter of the Book titled Educational Reform in the Commonwealth Caribbean which deals with reform measures introduced in different countries of the Commonwealth Caribbean in the last decade of the twentieth century. In setting the stage for the description and discussion of these reforms this publication points out that several of the policy prescriptions for the education of the New Right has already been implemented in the Commonwealth Caribbean and that most of the characteristics used to define education in the developing countries do not apply to the Commonwealth Caribbean. Accordingly, education reform in the last decade of the twentieth century has drawn their informing ideas from the unique imperatives of this sub-region. To account for these unique imperatives this Chapter shows that Commonwealth Caribbean has been part of the Western system of education for over 350 years and therefore tracing its development through the Protestant ideas that informed the genesis of education during slavery, the Denominational system with state support and the State system with denominational management that emerged in the following emancipation but during the colonial period and the national systems of education that have been established in the post-independence period prior to the final decade of the twentieth century.

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Educational reform in Independent Jamaica

Book Cover: Educational reform in Independent Jamaica
Part of the INTERAMER 54 Educational series:

In Educational Reform in the Commonwealth Caribbean, (1999) Errol Miller Editor, INTERAMER 54 Educational Series. Organisation of American States, Washington D. C. Pp 199-253

This publication describes and discusses educational reforms in Jamaica from the formation of the Ministry of Education in 1953 until 1998, that is, educational reform in Jamaica from the start of the movement to political independence until the twentieth century. It divides the period into two segments, the period of populist government from 1953 until 1977 and the period of structural adjustment 1997 to the end of the twentieth century. This publication describes and discusses education reforms in the populist period such as the governance of the school system; expanding access at the different levels of the education system; equality of opportunity particularly with respect to students with special needs, rural residents and girls; nationalism/regionalism particularly with respect to the capacity to train teachers, the curriculum at the primary and secondary levels and external examinations. Reforms in the period of structural adjustment are identified in relation to the goals of the IMF agreements which were demand management and appropriate economy-wide pricing. The conclusions drawn are related to the extent to which the reforms addressed the colonial legacy of inequality and the marginalization of the majority.

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