The University of the West Indies, Mona and Tertiary Education in Jamaica.  In Revisiting Tertiary Education Policy in Jamaica: Towards Personal Gain or Public Good? Editors Olivene Burke and Rheima Holding. Ian Randle Publishers: Kingston. Pp 60-103: 2005

This Chapter on the University of the West Indies (UWI) Mona Campus and tertiary education in Jamaica, is situated within a volume revisiting tertiary education policy in Jamaica, especially with respect to its public and private benefits. Before delving directly into the subject, the Chapter steps back and examines, if even briefly, general issues. These include rapid, pervasive and disruptive technology changes; reactions to these changes including reaching back to traditional verities; the revival of historical enmities; and uncertainties because social cause and effect are usually so long separated in time such that the generation generating the cause is not around to address the effect and its consequences. Included in this general background is the relationship between society and formal education. Generally, education is intentional activity and tertiary education even more so. Hence, the teleological dimension becomes very relevant since purposeful action is taken within a framework of learned meaning.

Becoming more specific, the Chapter examines tertiary education in Jamaica with respect to its relatively recent history, dispersed policy apparatus, loose legal framework, relatively small size and increasing demand pressure consequent upon the expansion of secondary education and the constraints and expense of seeking tertiary education abroad. Also discussed are Government and development corporation agencies policies and financing of the different levels of formal education and the limited priority given to tertiary education.

The concluding half of the Chapter addresses the return on investment of tertiary education generally, and within tertiary, on different specializations offered at UWI. Detailed empirical data, in table and charts, document enrollments at all public tertiary institutions, annual recurrent and capital expenditures over the period 1975 to 2002/2003. Expenditures are compared in constant 1986$ Jamaican and US$. Studies are cited which show that tertiary education is both a public good and a private benefit. The critical question is whether the Government as the recipient of the public good or students/parents are prepared their fair share.





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Innovating on a shoe string



Innovating on a Shoe-string: A Western Caribbean Case Study describes the imperatives that impelled the Joint Board of Teacher Education, JBTE, Mona, in the late 1990s, to begin to design and implement innovations applying technology to its mission and mandate. The JBTE is a unique partnership in teacher education involving Governments, colleges training teachers, teachers’ unions in the Bahamas, Belize and Jamaica and the University of the West Indies, Mona Campus. The JBTE was set up in the mid-1960s to validate and guarantee standards. One of the main reasons for locating the JBTE within the structure of the University of the West Indies was to facilitate the application of research, development, and innovation to the achievement of desired standards. Essentially, the JBTE not only set and validated standards in teacher education in the Western Caribbean but also provided developmental assistance to colleges training teachers to meet the set standards.

The paper describes the main new challenges posed to the partnership in the late 1990s with respect to the modernization of instruction; upgrading quality related to the emerging knowledge society; the provision of on the job professional training to teacher educators, teacher trainees and teachers in service in schools; shrinking resources from Ministries of Education; globalization especially with respect to emerging common education standards at the tertiary level; and the need for Caribbean societies to become greater producers of knowledge.

In response to the demand to meet these challenges, as well as to find solutions to these very real problems, as they affect teacher education, the JBTE has identified information and communication technology as a critical resource and have embarked upon the following initiatives:

The Paper lists the six major technology solutions that the partnership planned, five of which came off the drawing board and were implemented. Of the five that were implemented three have been sustained. Of the two that were implemented but not sustained the Paper gives a detailed account of the development of a College Management Information System (College Manager) up to 2001. The intention was to design, develop and give the College Manager, free of cost, to all fourteen colleges training teachers within the JBTE Partnership. The Colleges, however, would have the responsibility to implement College Manager within their operations,

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Body image, physical beauty and colour among Jamaican adolescents

This Publication is not currently in Print or available in Electronic Form. Should there be sufficient interest, we will explore the feasibility of obtaining the necessary permission to make it available in electronic form, either free or at the lowest cost.

Social and Economic Studies: Vol 18 No. 1 1969: Pp 72-89

Body Image, Physical Beauty and Colour among Jamaican Adolescents involved a sample of Jamaican adolescents all of whom had been previously classified by race or shade of skin colour. The racial and colour categories in which adolescents had been classified were Black, Dark, Clear, Fair, White, Indian and Chinese. This mixed sample of adolescents, males and females, were asked to respond to six items on an open-ended Questionnaire. The six items were: Describe your idea of a handsome boy; Describe your idea of the Beautiful Girl.; Are you handsome or beautiful? What do you like about your Body; (Body includes everything – face, hands, feet); What do you dislike about your body? What would you change if it were possible? Miller administered the questionnaire to all adolescents in the sample, who attended different schools.

The responses of students on each Item of the Questionnaire were analyzed in relation to the racial or colour category in which they had been previously placed. The analysis was to determine the following: Did students describe different concepts of physical beauty accordingly to racial or colour category or shared a common concept of beauty irrespective of racial or colour category? What were the physical features that comprised their concepts of beauty, specific or shared? How did these adolescents assess their personal physical features within their conception of physical beauty?

The major findings of this study were that these Jamaican adolescents shared one common conception of beauty that was composite, that is, combined features from different racial groups and colour categories. Further, their common composite concept of beauty served as the benchmark against which they assessed their personal physical features with respect to what they liked, disliked or would change if it were possible.

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Special Education in the Commonwealth Caribbean

First published in Caribbean Journal of Education Volume 12 No 3 1987   Pp 274-282

This paper is a Report on Special Education in the Commonwealth Caribbean. It provides a brief sketch of the antecedents of in the region and looks at the constraining conditions in providing special education. It records the system of classification of special needs that have been employed and identifies the increasing trend within the region of governments becoming involved in special education in the training of teachers in special education and secondly in incorporating special schools in the public system of schooling along with the provision of necessary support services.

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Self-Evaluation among Jamaican High School Girls

Self-Evaluation among Jamaican High School Girls

was first published in Social and Economic Studies Volume 23 Number 4 December 1973 Pg407-426 and reprinted in Caribbean Journal of Education Volume 26 Numbers 1 and 2 April/September 2006 Pp 47-75

The article is an empirical study of self-evaluation as measured by self-esteem, self-disparity and manifest anxiety among a random stratified sample of girls in Jamaican high schools in the city of Kingston in relation to their race/colour, socioeconomic background and the perception of their teachers. The study employs a cross-sequential design and includes 721 girls. The data obtained are used to test eight hypotheses six of which are confirmed and two rejected.

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